There are several ways to do this using agenda views. The simplest is to use the week agenda:
C-a a a. This will display the items in
org-agenda-files that have timestamps within the current week, as well as deadlines due in the next 14 days (or whatever the value of
You can also use the built-in searching tools to do this (
C-c a m). Just check the
DEADLINE property. A search for
DEADLINE>="<today>" will return entries with deadlines of today or later and
DEADLINE<"<today>" returns overdue deadlines. You can save the search in a
tags custom view in
org-agenda-custom-commands if you plan to use it a lot. For example:
Finally, you can make an agenda view that shows only deadlines by setting
'("A" "Agenda; only deadlines"
To display the deadline, the easiest way is to use columns. There is an example in the answer @lawlist linked to in their comment.