I have the following setup for using comments:

(key-chord-define evil-normal-state-map "cc" 'comment-dwim-2)

This works fine. I can type cc to comment it out or comment out.

However, Web-mode works with an another function, because the comment syntax are differrent for languages like javascript or HTML. So I set up following keybinding for only web-mode in my setup:

(evil-define-key 'normal web-mode-map
  (kbd "cc") 'web-mode-comment-or-uncomment

But with the setup above I cannot use other Evil keybindings like cw or ctf anymore, because the keybinding above disabled them. Any suggestion for a way to use keychord in the evil-define-key, but for web-mode only? So that I can use another keys with operator c again, in web-mode only.

  • I think your second version using evil-define-key is clobbering the evil-change operator by binding the c prefix (see analogous discussion in this thread). You probably want to do a mode-specific or buffer-local key-chord-define (perhaps in a mode hook).
    – Dan
    Jul 30, 2015 at 12:55
  • @Dan the problem with that, is that key-chord-define doesn't have any notion of normal-state and insert-state in Evil. This makes it not possible to typing cc fast in insert state.
    – ReneFroger
    Jul 30, 2015 at 14:18
  • evil does, however, have local maps. Not sure if this will work, but try putting the following in your web-mode mode hook: (key-chord-define evil-normal-state-local-map "cc" #'web-mode-comment-or-uncomment).
    – Dan
    Jul 30, 2015 at 14:23
  • I didn't help. However, I get the notification that evil-normal-state-local-map is a free variable, that propbably doesn't exist. And I don't see how this could be solving my issue. It's that the cc does disable the cw or .
    – ReneFroger
    Jul 31, 2015 at 11:22

1 Answer 1


Dan is correct, binding (kbd "cc") will clobber your evil-change binding.

One way to solve this is to look at the source of key-chord-define:

(defun key-chord-define (keymap keys command)
  "Define in KEYMAP, a key-chord of the two keys in KEYS starting a COMMAND. 
KEYS can be a string or a vector of two elements. Currently only elements
that corresponds to ascii codes in the range 32 to 126 can be used.
COMMAND can be an interactive function, a string, or nil.
If COMMAND is nil, the key-chord is removed."
  (if (/= 2 (length keys))
      (error "Key-chord keys must have two elements"))
  ;; Exotic chars in a string are >255 but define-key wants 128..255 for those
  (let ((key1 (logand 255 (aref keys 0)))
        (key2 (logand 255 (aref keys 1))))
    (if (eq key1 key2)
      (define-key keymap (vector 'key-chord key1 key2) command)
      ;; else
      (define-key keymap (vector 'key-chord key1 key2) command)
      (define-key keymap (vector 'key-chord key2 key1) command))))

So aha! It's clear that key-chord-define simply binds a special key-chord prefix. It also does some math for fancy chars, but we can bypass that since c is not one of them (ASCII code point 99).

One way to do what you want is then:

(evil-define-key 'normal web-mode-map
  (vector 'key-chord 99 99) #'web-mode-comment-or-uncomment)

However, there is one more optimization you can use, leveraging a slightly more advanced feature of kbd:

(evil-define-key 'normal web-mode-map
  (kbd "<key-chord> cc") #'web-mode-comment-or-uncomment)
  • 1
    PythonNut, thanks for your well written explaination. It enables me to solve my own problems in the future. It's well appreciated, I validated your answer as the right one.
    – ReneFroger
    Aug 3, 2015 at 21:13

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