Attempting to eval a babel source block that contains a __future__ import and also uses a :var causes Python to spit out

  File "<stdin>", line 2
SyntaxError: from __future__ imports must occur at the beginning of the file

Presumably babel is sticking the :var definitions before the first line of my code. How can I prevent babel from doing this?

Minimum failing example:

#+NAME: data
| Hi | 2 |

#+BEGIN_SRC python :var data=data
  from __future__ import print_function

1 Answer 1


You can use the prologue header argument. Like this:

#+NAME: data
| Hi  | 2 |
| Bye | 3 |

#+name: test-py27-with-print-function
#+header: :prologue "from __future__ import print_function"
#+BEGIN_SRC python :var data=data :results output list
  for row in data:

#+RESULTS: test-py27-with-print-function
: - Hi 2
: - Bye 3

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