How does one run the arbitrary command to execute the tangled code? I use Emacs both on Windows and Linux, but currently I need to run the generated batch file in particular Windows environment.
Here is how the block looks like:

#+begin_src bat :exports both :tangle "run_tests.bat"

I have a batch file which sets the environment (d:\Programs\Microsoft Visual Studio 12.0\VC\vcvarsall.bat), but cannot run my tangled file inside this new environment. How to do this?

The code can be tangled using org-babel-tangle of course, but I cannot run the generated batch file from Emacs using org-ctrl-c-ctrl-c as it says:

org-babel-execute-src-block: No org-babel-execute function for bat!

Any help would be appreciated.

1 Answer 1


Tangling creates the batch file, execution of source block tries to execute the source block in the specified language (and there is no ob-bat I know of).

You can execute the tangled batch file in a shell source block. Therefore add the following to your org file:

#+BEGIN_SRC sh :exports results :results output
cmd /c ""d:\Programs\Microsoft Visual Studio 12.0\VC\vcvarsall.bat" & run_tests.bat"

This first runs the batch and then, separated by &, your batch script.

Note that I have a MinGW environment with a bash shell. If you want to run windows cmd.exe directly you may find a hint here, which introduces a shcmd header option.

Also, you need to require ob-sh or ob-shell, depending on your org version. Therefore I do:

(unless (require 'ob-sh nil 'noerror)
  (require 'ob-shell))

Btw, if all you want is to execute some command sequence you can simply do:

#+BEGIN_SRC sh :exports results :results output
call "d:\Programs\Microsoft Visual Studio 12.0\VC\vcvarsall.bat"
echo "insert commands here"


Since I may need a windows native execution facility in org-mode I will write an ob-bat.el as soon as I am back from holiday (next week). Meanwhile you may try this code snippet (since I have no windows box it is untested):

(require 'ob)
(require 'ob-shell)

(defvar org-babel-tangle-lang-exts)
(add-to-list 'org-babel-tangle-lang-exts '("bat" . "bat"))

(defcustom org-babel-bat-command "cmd.exe"
  "Name of command to use for executing bat code.")

(defun org-babel-execute:bat (body params)
  "Execute a block of bat code with cmd.exe.
This function is called by `org-babel-execute-src-block'."
  (let ((shell-file-name org-babel-bat-command))
    (org-babel-execute:shell body params)))

(provide 'ob-bat)

With this you should be able to execute bat source blocks:

#+BEGIN_SRC bat :exports results :results output
echo hello
  • Thank you very much! Unfortunately the last block of code does not work. It is strange. In *messages* I see the following: executing Sh code block... Wrote c:/Users/alk/AppData/Local/Temp/babel-956097_/ob-input-9560CdR Babel evaluation exited with code 1 Code block produced no output. And then in *Org-Babel Error Output* there is this following: 'sh' is not recognized as an internal or external command, operable program or batch file. I can only imagine for you it works because you use MinGW.
    – avp
    Aug 26, 2016 at 13:41
  • Unfortunately currently I do not have a windows box around, so I can not verify that sh os used from MinGW. I suppose the command may as well come from GnuWin32 CoreUtils... Btw this also give the opurtinity to install grep and DiffUtils, which I highly recommend for increased usefulness of emacs on windows.
    – theldoria
    Aug 26, 2016 at 16:48

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