I followed this and can grab stuff (with Google Scholar) and put it in my ref.org, as described. However when I create a testbibtex.org with this lone line:


all I get with Latex export is the word "Contents." I've copied the contents of ref.org to ref.bib, entries such as this:

  title={Elementary number theory},
  author={Burton, David M},
  publisher={Tata McGraw-Hill Education}

but nothing of this is included in the Latex export. So, yeah, I really need a beginner's tutorial in this whole process.

  • What are you expecting to see? You've included a reference to your bibliography file, but you didn't actually cite anything. Given an effectively empty input file, the exported file will be empty too!
    – Tyler
    Feb 13, 2017 at 22:21
  • I get "link is unreachable" when clicking your link. Apr 28, 2020 at 14:17

1 Answer 1


I'm doing latex bibliography exports in Org9 with a regular bibtex file (literature.bib). At the location where I want the references to appear in the result, I put

#+BIBLIOGRAPHY: /HOME/uidg1626/literature apalike

into my org file or sub-header (for sub-tree export). Citing is done with org links e.g. [[cite:key_of_bibtex_entry]].

Before the above can work the org pdf compiling process hast to be configured (e.g. in init.el) to include a bibtex run:

(require 'ox-bibtex)
(setq org-latex-pdf-process
      '("pdflatex -interaction nonstopmode -output-directory %o %f"
        "bibtex %b"
        "pdflatex -interaction nonstopmode -output-directory %o %f"
        "pdflatex -interaction nonstopmode -output-directory %o %f"))

I got it from here: http://orgmode.org/worg/exporters/anno-bib-template-worg.html#sec-5 which is working for my tex-live system.

  • Not working. Was that tutorial I was referring to not correct? As I say, I need to know the latest, accurate init details. I'm sure my problem lies in my init salad.
    – 147pm
    Jan 7, 2017 at 17:53
  • @147pm: I'm sorry I forgot to mention the org-latex-pdf-process (updated my answer accordingly). Jan 14, 2017 at 21:26
  • This worked for me thank you so much🙏 - but I did have to remove the (require 'ox-bibtex) for some reason
    – nmu
    Sep 3, 2019 at 10:17

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