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How can I do a "find and replace a string" in the files of a project? Is there a standard, built-in way?

  • Maybe you can have a look here: stackoverflow.com/questions/44919530/… – Picaud Vincent Dec 4 '17 at 9:45
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    Define what you mean by “project” in terms of how emacs will know what’s in it or not. Example: “everything in directory X and it’s subdirectories.” – Dan Dec 4 '17 at 11:40
  • You ask for a "standard, built-in" way. Be aware that that is limiting, because Emacs itself has no "standard, built-in" definition of a "project". If you define that term more clearly for your question, it might help direct "standard, built-in" answers toward that definition. (Otherwise, a more useful question might drop the "standard, built-in" restriction. But even then it would help to say what you mean by "project".) – Drew Dec 4 '17 at 15:11
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dired has a command dired-do-find-regexp-and-replace, which is bound to Q by default. Keep in mind it uses regular expressions.

  • And in Emacs before Emacs 25, the same key, Q, does the same thing, but differently - it is bound in Emacs 24 and prior to command dired-do-query-replace-regexp. – Drew Dec 4 '17 at 15:14
  • ok. and how can I just search for a text in files of a project without replacing it? – Rakori Dec 4 '17 at 23:33
  • @Rakori you can mark files that contain a regexp in dired with % m, or you can use M-x grep. – DoMiNeLa10 Dec 5 '17 at 15:25
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Like said, there are no standard ways of doing complicated things in emacs. Assuming project is defined as a git repository, you can do the following:

Install abo-abo's swiper/ivy/councel, https://github.com/abo-abo/swiper, and wgrep from ELPA. Bind the necessary commands to keys of your choice, especially ivy-occur that is usually C-c C-o and wgrep (C-x C-q).

  1. With a project file open in your active buffer, give command councel-git-grep and type in the string you want to find in all project files.

  2. Press your ivy-occur key to have the found lines in an new buffer.

  3. Launch write grep (wgrep) to do editing in the occur buffer.

  4. Save and exit with C-c C-c.

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