I would like to have natural language completion (company-ispell for e.g.) but only when editing comments.

How should the company back-end be swapped out when editing commensts?


Insert below code into ~/.emacs to enable company-ispell in comment,

(defun my-in-comment-p (pos)
  "Check whether the code at POS is comment by comparing font face."
  (let* ((fontfaces (get-text-property pos 'face)))
    (if (not (listp fontfaces))
        (setq fontfaces (list fontfaces)))
    (delq nil
          (mapcar #'(lambda (f)
                      ;; learn this trick from flyspell
                      (or (eq f 'font-lock-comment-face)
                          (eq f 'font-lock-comment-delimiter-face)))

(eval-after-load 'company-ispell
     ;; use company-ispell in comment when coding
     (defadvice company-ispell-available (around company-ispell-available-hack activate)
        ((and (derived-mode-p 'prog-mode)
              (or (not (company-in-string-or-comment)) ; respect advice in `company-in-string-or-comment'
                  (not (my-in-comment-p (point))))) ; auto-complete in comment only
         (setq ad-return-value nil))
  • Notes: seems setf could be setq? Also let* can be let. Added alternate answer. – ideasman42 Jan 9 '20 at 1:02
  • setf is still syntax correct though I admit it's kind of over-engineering in this case. let* is more powerful then let when multiple variable are initialized and there is dependency of initialization among the variables. – chen bin Jan 9 '20 at 2:22
  • The function (face-at-point nil t) looks like it can replace the font accessing logic here. – ideasman42 Jan 9 '20 at 8:48

This is a modified version of @chen-bin's answer which uses a wrapper function instead of using advice (avoids interfering with other uses). It also generalizes the syntax checking to allow checking for other kinds of syntax.

(defun company-complete-common-use-context ()
  (let ((faces-found (face-at-point nil t))
     ((seq-intersection faces-found faces-comment-list)
      (let ((company-backends (list 'company-ispell)))

Then bind the key to company-complete-common-use-context.

  • This solution works for me if I am using something like <M-tab>, but is there any way of making it also work for completion on any key stroke? – Matías Guzmán Naranjo Sep 20 '20 at 11:47
  • The other answer here (chen bin's) uses advice which should work automatically without having to bind a key to a spesific function. – ideasman42 Sep 21 '20 at 2:57

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