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Are there any technical reasons or use cases for why sudo:: in TRAMP cannot use the rightmost host to the left of it, instead of localhost?

When I do /ssh:myname@my-remote-hostname.example.com|sudo::/tmp/file, I would expect the sudo:: to implicitly use root@my-remote-hostname.example.com.

More generally, when multiple SSH hops are chained together, such as in/ssh:jumpbox.example.com|ssh:remote.example.com|sudo::/tmp/file, I would expect the sudo:: to always use the rightmost host to the left of the sudo::.

I expect this because from a user interface and experience perspective, to me this seems like the obviously more intuitive and most convenient behavior for it to do.

But this does not happen. Instead, sudo:: seems to always implicitly use root @ the local host.

I understand that this is how it is. What I don't understand is why? Are there technical reasons for why implementing this would be difficult, or common use cases I am not imagining that would be broken if this was implemented?

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You'll be happy to learn that in more recent tramp releases (first included in Emacs 27.1) the :: case will work the way you want it to, such that /ssh:you@remotehost|sudo:: will re-use remotehost rather than your own local hostname, so you won't end up with a bad proxy entry.

In addition, the likes of /ssh:you@remotehost|sudo:localhost: are detected and flagged as user errors.

Of course, if you are liable to use a mixture of Emacs versions, you should continue to treat :: as unsafe when multi-hopping in general, to avoid potential mishap.

-- https://stackoverflow.com/questions/2177687/open-file-via-ssh-and-sudo-with-emacs/16408592#comment94821206_16408592

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  • So I think this answers my question implicitly: no, there are no technical issues or use cases preventing it, as evidence by the fact that it was recently done. Thanks! – mtraceur Aug 15 at 4:15
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    And in case you cannot upgrade to the just released Emacs 27.1, you might use Tramp from GNU ELPA. That version has also solved the problem. – Michael Albinus Aug 15 at 14:00

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