I have installed OpenSuse Tumbleweed and later Emacs.

If I start Emacs from the shell,

$ emacs -Q

I have a double row of menu entries

File - Edit - Options - ... - Help
New File - Open - Open Directory - ... - Search

In a sense, the buttons in the second row are not menus, because they directly invoke simple commands…

I'd like to get rid of the second menu row, maintaining the first one.

I checked the ~/.emacs that was automatically installed, apparently nothing relevant, and I've also tried emacs -q, to no avail.

  • Do you see the same problem if you start Emacs using emacs -Q - uppercase Q? (I don't.) If not, bisect your init file to find the culprit. If you do, then provide a step-by-step recipe, from emacs -Q, to reproduce the problem - as part of your question. Since you see this with emacs -q (lowercase), a guess is that it's caused by your site-wide init file, site-start.el - see Entering Emacs. If so, take up the problem with your site adminstrator. – Drew Mar 6 at 17:08
  • Which version of Emacs is this? Is it running in a terminal or with a graphic interface? I don't recall seeing this second menu row on any system. – Gilles 'SO- stop being evil' Mar 6 at 17:39
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    @Gilles'SO-stopbeingevil' It is Emacs 27, but it doesn't matter: it looks like it was not a real menubar but a text only toolbar, very similar to a menubar! See my self-answer below. – gboffi Mar 6 at 17:44
  • Please edit the question or the answer to make clear that the problem was misunderstanding that what looks like a second menu-bar row (which is entirely possible, BTW) is in reality in your case a tool-bar with textual tool-bar entries. This is clear from comments, but comments can be deleted at any time. Thx. – Drew Mar 6 at 20:40
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    I edited the title. – Drew Mar 8 at 4:17

Oops, what I mistakenly assumed to be a second menubar was indeed the toolbar in disguise! Here it is how I realized my mistake.

In OpenSuse, /usr/bin/emacs is a lengthy shell script that eventually starts either /usr/bin/emacs-gtk or /usr/bin/emacs-x11.

When I tried emacs-gtk -Q I had the same results as using the system script, so I tried also emacs-x11 -Q and Emacs opened a window with the menu and an iconic toolbar.

I had a moment of enlightenment noticing that the toolbar entries had a perfect match with the "menu" in the second row...

So I used Options → Toolbar → None and voila, the second row disappeared.

For some reason GTK rendered the toolbar buttons using text only, in a format that was virtually indistinguishable from the menu entries of the first row... and I needed to start emacs-x11 to be enlightened because I'm not used to using the toolbar.


You can add this to your .emacs:

(tool-bar-mode -1)

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