I'd like to create a Emacs Lisp macro that is able to generate a string literal that contains the name of the .el file into which the macro is expanded. Is this possible?


I am writing a Elisp macro that generate one or several defun forms. Some may be inside conditional forms (if or conditions or whatever) and the macro being expanded may also be inside a conditional block form.

Assuming I have the following code inside a file called my-file.el:

(when some-condition
    (my-macro lisp arg1 arg2))

I'd like to be able to write a defmacro form that would be able to determine that it is being expanded inside my-file.el and would be able to generate the string literal "my-file". Something like:

(when some-condition
   (defun my-lisp-function (some-arg arg1)
     (some-code-here arg1 whatever))
     (declare-function my-lisp-function "my-file")
   (some-other-code etc etc)
   (my-lisp-function arg2)) 

In the example above I'm using the file name string literal inside a declare-function form to prevent the byte-compiler from complaining about the generated my-lisp-function not being defined. And at the same time allow the check-declare package to verify the existence of the function.

I tried to use the variable byte-compile-current-file from bytecomp.el by accessing it in the non-generated portion of the macro, but that did not work.


I'd like to create a Emacs Lisp macro that is able to generate a string literal that contains the name of the .el file into which the macro is expanded. Is this possible?

If I understood correctly, Emacs 28 adds a function which does this:

(defun macroexp-file-name ()
  "Return the name of the file from which the code comes.
Returns nil when we do not know.
A non-nil result is expected to be reliable when called from a macro in order
to find the file in which the macro's call was found, and it should be
reliable as well when used at the top-level of a file.
Other uses risk returning non-nil value that point to the wrong file."
  ;; `eval-buffer' binds `current-load-list' but not `load-file-name',
  ;; so prefer using it over using `load-file-name'.
  (let ((file (car (last current-load-list))))
    (or (if (stringp file) file)
        (bound-and-true-p byte-compile-current-file))))

It follows that some key variables of interest are:

  • current-load-list
  • load-file-name
  • byte-compile-current-file
  • buffer-file-name

Sample usage:

(defmacro my-foo ()
  "Echo name of file where this macro is expanded or nil."
  `(message "%s" ,(macroexp-file-name)))
  • Thanks! That looks like what I need. I'm not using Emacs 28 yet. I'll have to try it on that. I assume that it means that the functionality is not available before Emacs 28. – PRouleau Apr 13 at 21:21
  • Great! But can you please show how that function is used, in the OP's example or otherwise? Its doc string isn't very helpful: "the file from which the code comes". What code? And the doc strings for the two variables used in that code are even worse: the first says only "Used for internal purposes by `load'.", and the second doesn't exist (no doc). – Drew Apr 13 at 21:33
  • @PRouleau Right, this function does not exist before Emacs 28. But you can inline or copy its definition if you need to. The idea is to use one of current-load-list, load-file-name, byte-compile-current-file, or buffer-file-name, roughly in that order. – Basil Apr 13 at 21:48
  • @Basil. Yeah, you're right. I'll try that now. – PRouleau Apr 13 at 21:49
  • @Drew I've given a simple example, but the rest of your comment seems like something to take up with the OP and bug-gnu-emacs. – Basil Apr 13 at 21:52

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