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I am using Emacs, Slime, Paredit, and other packages to work on Common Lisp (SBCL). It is really useful to comment out multiple expressions while debugging.

For instance, suppose I have these placeholder expressions:

    (      (  )
     (
       ((   )
         (      (   )
                    ))))

I can use the keybinding C-M-SPC which run's the command mark-sexp on the second line. This character -!- will be used to represent the cursor position.

    (      (  )
    -!-(
       ((   )
         (      (   )
                    ))))

After invoking selecting the region, I can use the command comment-dwin to comment the appropriate expressions. Then, Emacs automatically does (using ParEdit):

    (      (  )
     -!-;; (
       ;; ((   )
       ;;   (      (   )
       ;;              )))
     )

This is great. I just need to learn how to revert this after some editions inside the content of the expressions. Since there were other modifications, I cannot use undo. So, how can I remove the ;; comments in a smart way?

A friend mentioned something like rectangle-select but I could not find it.

3

In emacs, comment-dwim (bound to M-;) is its own inverse (AKA, involution):

Insert or realign comment on current line; if the region is active, comment or uncomment the region instead

I.e., to uncomment the commented region, select and activate the region and hit M-;.

If you want to avoid activating the region, C-u M-x comment-region RET will un-comment it.

PS1. Rectangle operations are documented in the manual: C-h i m Emacs RET m Rectangles RET.

PS2. See also https://stackoverflow.com/a/65649128/850781 for commenting parts of code.

1
  • 3
    FWIW, comment-region is (IMO) more flexible/useful than comment-dwim for both commenting and uncommenting multiple lines. It deals with nesting blocks of comments as one expects.
    – Drew
    Jul 20 at 21:08

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