I read the following article: http://qerub.se/hiding-hidden-files-in-emacs-dired about hiding certain files in dired mode. I decided to hide more files and added a shortcut Alt-q, that will toggle the visibility of:

  1. All the hidden files, starting with dot.
  2. All Emacs backup files, ending with '~'.

I wrote the following code:

(setq dired-omit-files "^\\.$|~$")
(add-hook 'dired-mode-hook
          (lambda ()
                (define-key dired-mode-map (kbd "M-q") 'dired-omit-mode)

But only ~ files are hidded, not those, starting with dot. What is wrong?

  • Try testing your regex using M-x regex-builder to troubleshoot. I used tool to generate this "^\\..+~?$" which should work for you. – Melioratus Jan 23 '15 at 14:44
  • @Melioratus Thx, will do. – user4035 Jan 23 '15 at 14:45
  • Please post if the regexp works. Thanks! – Melioratus Jan 23 '15 at 14:48
  • @Melioratus It works and is simpler, than made by abo-abo. But it's better to use this one: "^\\..*~?$". It will hide the . directory too. – user4035 Jan 23 '15 at 14:50
  • @Melioratus Done, but can't accept now. – user4035 Jan 23 '15 at 14:56

Testing with emacs -q to ensure no customizations:

(require 'dired-x) ;; provides dired-omit-mode

M-x dired ~ -> Backup files and dot files are both present (had to manually add backups since I store them in a dedicated folder by default.

  1. M-x dired-omit-mode -> Backup files are hidden
  2. M-x dired-omit-mode -> All files visible again
  3. (setq dired-omit-files "^\\..*$") -> Omit dotfiles
  4. M-x dired-omit-mode -> Backup and dotfiles are hidden.

Docstring for dired-omit-mode makes reference to dired-omit-extensions. Looking in there, the 2nd extension listed is ~ (emacs backup files). This comes from completion-ignored-extensions (following dock string).

This means by default dired-omit-mode will already remove backups from the view, reducing the complexity of the regexp needed.


I think this should work for you:

(setq dired-omit-files "^\\(?:\\..*\\|.*~\\)$")
  • What do you think about this regexp: "^\\..*~?$", invented by Melioratus and me? – user4035 Jan 23 '15 at 14:51
  • 2
    That regex will only match <dot><anything><optional~>. If you want starts-with-dot or ends-with-tilde then you need to look for both independently. Making both optional inline (^\\.?.*~?$) will end up matching everything, so you need to treat them as alternatives. – Jonathan Leech-Pepin Jan 23 '15 at 14:56
  • @JonathanLeech-Pepin For some reason my regexp also hides the files, that don't start with dot. Despite the fact, that it shouldn't do it. Can you test on your system and confirm? – user4035 Jan 23 '15 at 14:58
  • 1
    Figured out why, separate answer incoming to clarify – Jonathan Leech-Pepin Jan 23 '15 at 15:03

This regexp works successfully: (setq dired-omit-files "^\\..*~?$")

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