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provides optional features that users may enable or disable independently of the choice of major mode. Minor modes can be enabled individually or in combination with other modes.

A is one of two main modes in Emacs for grouping definitions and customizing editing features. Modes can be turned on and off while editing. They are not just a programming feature, but an essential part of Emacs interaction.

A can be enabled individually or in combination with other modes. Most minor modes handle features independent of the . Some modes depend on each other, but those are exceptions.

A can have its own and visual cues in the .

A typical Emacs installation could have a dozen or more minor modes. C-h v minor-mode-list shows a complete list.