Yes. If you want to do this from Emacs, read the Tramp documentation, with special attention to the section on SMB. Dired works over Tramp, so you can copy files that way. Alternatively, if you are using Gnome or KDE, your file manager should be able to open SMB URL paths like smb://someWindowsHost/someShare/someWindowsFolder/.
Elaborating on the comments form @NickD there seems to be no separate way to configure the used ls command used used for TRAMP directories vs local directories.
So the remaining option is to map the local gls for Emacs at least to ls and keep the default of insert-directory-program as "ls".