11

If I do M-x forward-char, Emacs gives a very useful message

You can run the command "forward-char" with C-f.

Considering the fact that Emacs can find all LaTeX keybindings in the file latex.el under LaTeX-math-default provided by AUCTeX, is it possible that in LaTeX mode (AUCTeX) Emacs recalls me the Keybindings? For example after typing \sigma Emacs shows a message that

You can insert "\sigma" by `s .

This would be very useful as it permits to gradually learn the keybindings in LaTeX mode.

  • 2
    Not an answer to your question, but the menubar should show the keyboard shortcuts if they are defined. And, the same thing is available with a popup-menu (which shows the shortcuts) -- e.g., (global-set-key [C-down-mouse-3] 'mouse-popup-menubar). That way, you don't have messages ad nauseam. – lawlist Feb 1 '15 at 8:01
  • @lawlist I was going to comment that the math mode symbols aren't in the menu, but they actually have a whole menu of their own! Even the ones that don't have a defined short cut are shown, with the code needed to produce them. Very handy! – Tyler Feb 6 '15 at 15:11
9
+50

Modifying my answer from here we can just pull this data out of LaTeX-math-default, which is a list of 4-tuples

(CHARACTER MACRO MENU UNICODE)

where CHARACTER is the character used to bind it (I know it looks like an integer, but it's a character, use (string CHARACTER) to see), MACRO is the Latex macro without the slash, MENU is the name for the menus and UNICODE is a unicode character used for display in the menu. We want to check the first and second elements:

(defun show-latex-symbol-at-point ()
  (interactive)
  (let* ((sym (symbol-at-point))
         (latex-symbol (TeX-member sym LaTeX-math-default
                                   (lambda (a b)
                                     (string= a (nth 1 b)))))
         (shortcut (nth 0 latex-symbol))
         )
    (if (and latex-symbol shortcut)
        (message "You can insert \\%s with `%s"
                 (nth 1 latex-symbol)
                 (key-description (string shortcut))))))

There are probably better ways to continually show the output, but one way to use post-command-hook to run the above function after every command. We'll use an if to make sure this only runs in latex-mode

(add-hook 'post-command-hook
          (lambda ()
            (if (bound-and-true-p LaTeX-math-mode)
                (show-latex-symbol-at-point)
              )
            ))
  • Many thanks for this answer. Your code works. After typing $\sigma$, a message appears telling You can insert \sigma with s. Let me report a possible bug, if I type $\oplus$m there is an error telling Error in post-command-hook ((lambda nil (if (eq major-mode (quote latex-mode)) (show-latex-symbol-at-point)))): (wrong-type-argument characterp nil). I think this is caused by the fact that auctex has not set a shortcut for oplus (oplus can be found under LaTeX-math-default). And from this error on, the code seems to not working, e.g. by typing $\sigma$ nothing happens. – Name Feb 6 '15 at 7:51
  • @Name I fixed it to not try to print when CHARACTER is nil – erikstokes Feb 6 '15 at 19:59
  • Perfect. Few minor suggestions: (1) I think the message You can insert \sigma with `s is better than You can insert sigma with s. (2) Currently after typing \rightarrow the message You can insert rightarrow with ^F appears. I think the message You can insert \rightarrow with `C-f is perhaps better. – Name Feb 6 '15 at 20:21
  • And, fixed again. – erikstokes Feb 6 '15 at 21:11

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