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I am following this tutorial, and the author is doing something like this:

~/.emacs.d/init.el

;; add your modules path
(add-to-list 'load-path "~/.emacs.d/custom/")

;; load your modules
(require 'setup-foo)
(require 'setup-bar)
......

~/.emacs.d/custome/setup-foo.el

(provide 'setup-foo)

;; various configuration settings for foo

~/.emacs.d/custome/setup-bar.el

(provide 'setup-bar)

;; various configuration settings for bar

I am wondering what's the advantage of doing this instead of simply loading everything.

From my understanding, the point of using provide/require is to enable "lazy loading", so that a feature is only loaded when needed, but init.el always load the setup-*.el scripts, which renders this practice pointless to me.

I wouldn't say this question is a duplicate of What does (require 'package) mean for emacs and how does it differ from load-file?, though they're indeed related. My question ask on how to use the two different mechanisms, whereas the other one is about what they are.

marked as duplicate by phils, Drew, DoMiNeLa10 Feb 13 at 16:47

This question has been asked before and already has an answer. If those answers do not fully address your question, please ask a new question.

  • Another advantage of provide/require is that it stops you from accidentally loading a file twice, but that too seems irrelevant to your case. So personally, I'd go for just loading the files. By the way, it is customary to put the provide at the end of each file, so that if the file fails to load for some reason, the corresponding feature is not enabled – and a new require will retry loading the file. – Harald Hanche-Olsen Feb 12 at 10:53
  • @Harald remove the word "Another" from your comment, and I would say that is the answer. provide/require isn't related to "lazy"/autoloading. – npostavs Feb 12 at 14:02
  • @npostavs Good point. Stefan already provided an answer to that effect, so that is good enough. – Harald Hanche-Olsen Feb 12 at 15:14
  • Also, require lets you do a "soft require", which does not raise an error if the library is not available: (require 'foo nil t). And please see the doc, starting perhaps with the Emacs manual, node How Programs Do Loading. – Drew Feb 12 at 16:05
  • Your latest edit would have been more appropriate as a comment, I think. – Harald Hanche-Olsen Feb 13 at 13:26
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The point of require is not lazy-loading (that would be autoload instead). Instead, the purpose is to avoid loading the same package multiple times.

In the case of config files, which of load or require is preferable is unclear and will depend on your particular use case (but I think in most cases the difference will be negligible).

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